Chania, Crete is one of the most beautiful cities in Greece.  It’s situated in the west of the island of Crete, in a stunning location on the north coast. The narrow medieval streets and houses of Chania old town are up there with the most essential things to do in Crete. Chania port is one of the most picturesque harbours in the Mediterranean. This is a place that deserves a few days of anyone’s time.

We found there were so many things to do in Chania that we had to stay a week to see it all. Chania town is packed with so many fascinating corners and back streets, but there are also many Chania day trips available. These include the famous Samaria Gorge hike and tours from Chania around the province to some sublime Chania beaches. The sea also stays warm until late October, so it’s a great place to visit for late summer sun.

We’ve focused on enchanting Chania city for now, as there’s such a choice of what to do in Chania.

The Venetian Harbour Walk – (Our Top Pick Of The Best Things To Do In Chania )

Image of the Venetian harbour and White Mountains Chania Crete Greece
The White Mountains from cross the Venetian harbour

Glorious summer with bougainvillea in full flower

You almost need to go out to sea to appreciate the magnificence of Chania’s setting. The outer harbour wall leads from the Venetian harbour, in the east of the town, to the lighthouse at the entrance to the old port. Keep looking on your left: around 300 metres along, you’ll enjoy one of the best things to see in Crete.

Image of the harbour in Chania nand the White Mountains Crete
The view of the harbour and White Mountains from closer to the lighthouse
Image of an art gallery and craft shop in Chania Crete Greece
One of several art galleries around Old Town Chania

Image of Chania harbour Crete Greece
Back to the harbour, an early morning view looking across a cruise boat deck

Across the water, the tower and minaret of Agios Nikolaos church taper skywards above the medieval Venetian warehouses on the harbour front. The mind-meltingly beautiful White Mountains, which rise to over 2400 metres in height, rise behind them and the city. When people say that Chania is one of the best places in Crete to visit, this is why.

Wandering The Old Town

Image of a traditional house and flowerpots Chania Greece
A typical house in Chania Old Town
Image of a street in Old Town Chania framed by an archway
Underneath the arch – another cobbled medieval street in the Old Town

Underneath the arch – another cobbled medieval street in the Old Town

One of our favourite Chania things to do is exploring the Old Town. There are several districts, all of which are quite small and close to each other. The Splantzia area was once settled by the Turks, and is a warren of pedestrian-only alleyways, with medieval houses of all shapes and sizes huddled together. The area to the immediate west of the harbour was once the merchants’ quarter, and this is full of hilly cobbled streets and hidden alleyways.

Image of a stepped street in old town Chania Greece
A steep stepped street above the old harbour in Chania
Image of a house with a staircase outside in Chania's Old Town Greece
There are so many pretty houses around the Old Town

The most touristed part of the Old Town is the area to the south of the harbour. This is full of restaurants and souvenir shops. The area to the west of the harbour is more hilly, with a few lovely stepped streets.

Dinner At The Well Of The Turk Restaurant

Image of a table in the garden of the Well of the Turk restaurant in Chania Crete Greece
What a place to dine al fresco – the well of the Turk restaurant in Chania old town

One of the best Chania restaurants in Chania turned out to be right on our doorstep. The Well of the Turk serves a mixture of Greek, Middle Eastern and Moroccan cuisine, and as we love all three, our curiosity was immediately piqued. They have some amazing dishes, including shish kebab with an avocado and orange salad. The setting is special too, in the narrow alleyway of the Splantzia district of the Old Town, with bougainvillea hanging down the mustard yellow walls.

Eating Out On Chania Harbour

Image of restaurants on Chania harbour at dusk
Restaurants and bars along the harbour front in Chania

Much of the Chania nightlife is centred around the bars and restaurants around the harbour. They occupy a continuous strip around the old port in the western part of the harbour, with others spread out along the eastern part of the Venetian harbour.

Image of people drinking at bar on Chania harbour
Watching the sunset – and one’s inbox – at one of the bars on Chania harbour

We spent a couple of evenings at Barbarossa having a drink and watching the magical sunset behind the lighthouse and distant mountains Easily one of the best things to do in Crete. Make sure you spend at least one evening around the harbour, as seeing Chania by night is sublime.

As for restaurants in Chania harbour, we can recommend the seafood at the Neoria Fish Tavern, and at Christianna, around the corner close to Koum Kapi beach.

Museum Of The Greek National Football Team

Image of the Greek National Football Team Museum in Chania
The Greek National Football Team Museum in Chania

This is the most unusual Chania museum, a big change from the archaeological variety you usually find. I’m not sure why it’s in Chania, but it’s the one museum in the world dedicated to the Greek national football team.

It’s mainly full of football memorabilia including signed shirts of various players, and videos of Greece football matches. It’s well worth visiting for football fans, especially long-suffering romantics who dream of success that never comes. Not one single soul on this planet gave Greece a chance of getting past the first stage of the Euro 2004 tournament. They ended up winning the whole thing. There is always hope!

Firka Fortress And Maritime Museum

Image of the Firka fortress on Chania harbour
The Firka fortress houses part of the Maritime Museum in Chania

If you’re wondering what to do in Chania Crete if the weather’s not good, look no further. The Maritime Museum of Crete is one of the best Chania attractions whatever the weather, and the exhibitions here could easily absorb you for a few hours.

It’s even one of the best Crete tourist attractions. It covers an enormous range of subjects, from traditional Greek boat building to the history and exploits of the Greek Navy. Some of the buildings used to show the exhibitions, including the stout Firka fortress and Moro shipbuilding sites are magnificent.

Greek Orthodox Cathedral

Image of the Greek Orthodox CAthedral in Chania Greece
The Greek Orthodox Cathedral in Chania Greece

Chania Cathedral is the most prominent church in Chania. The building dates from the 19th century, but its history goes back much further.

Under Turkish rule, the church that occupied the site was turned into a soap factory. The story goes that the Virgin Mary appeared to a local man, saying that she didn’t want her church to remain a soap factory. Soon afterwards, the son of the Turkish Pasha fell down a well. In desperation, the Pasha asked the Virgin to intervene to save his child, offering to return the building and land to the local Christian community. The boy was saved, and he kept his promise.

Submarine Trip Under Chania Harbour

Image of a tourist submarine in the harbour at Chania Crete
See the harbour above and below on board the red submarine

Chania harbour is one of the most popular Crete sights, and you can now see what it looks like underwater. A red submarine runs trips around the harbour and beyond, giving you a unique view of the marine life below the surface.

Other popular Chania activities include boat trips along the coast. These vary from short excursions turtle spotting on board a glass-bottomed boat to half day trips from Chania along the coast of western Crete.

Koum Kapi Beach

Image of rock baths at Koum Kapi beach Chania
The rock baths on Koum Kapi beach

Koum Kapi is the nearest thing there is to a Chania town beach. We passed by several times, and the beach strip was quite long, but mostly very narrow, with the emphasis very much on swimming rather than sunbathing.

Image of a pebble beach near Chania old town
The hidden pebble beach just beyond Koum Kapi

There was very little sand, though it improved a little the further east you went. The area around the foundations of some rock pools had more sand, and there’s another small, apparently unnamed beach down a dirt track the other side of the headland. This hasn’t been developed at all and has lovely views across the bay to the Sabbionara rampart.

The Agora – Chania Market

Image of the Agora Market in Chania
The Agora, or Town Market, in Chania

The main market in Chania is housed in a large cross-shaped building at the southern end of the Old Town, just before you reach modern Chania.

We adore markets like this. They have everything from cafes and restaurants to fresh produce, butchers, cheesemakers and stalls selling Greek souvenirs. All under one long, wide roof. It’s the best Chania Crete shopping by far.

Shop At The Sponge Boat On The Venetian Harbour

Image of a boat stall selling sea sponges in Chania harbour
Every type of sea sponge you could ever want!

The sea sponge is one of the most remarkable animals on the planet. It lives on the sea bed, can survive for thousands of years, and has no brain or nervous system. They’re abundant in the sea around Crete, and you often find them in shops around the island.

However, we just loved the sponge boat on the Venetian harbour. It has hundreds of sponges of all shapes, shades and sizes, and is run by a lovely Greek fellow who looks like an old sea captain.  

Municipal Garden And Cafe Kipos

Image of the historic Cafe Kipos in Chania Crete
Chania’s historic Cafe Kipos is in the heart of the lovely Municipal Garden

The Municipal Garden isn’t part of the usual Chania sightseeing trail. It’s somewhere mostly frequented by locals, and it’s a wonderful place to visit, especially if you have kids. There’s a small zoo with Cretan mountain goats you can feed, and the biggest playground in Chania.

Kipos Café is the oldest Chania café, dating back to 1870. You can dine outside, or in the cooler weather indoors. It has a sumptuous late 19th century interior with chandeliers – very romantic and atmospheric.

Mosque Of The Janissaries

Image of the Mosque of the Janissaries on the harbour in Chania
The Mosque of the Janissaries at dusk

The harbourside Mosque, with its distinctive domes, is one of the most familiar Chania sights. If you visit Chania, you’ll almost certainly see it from the outside. While we visited, it was being used as a venue for a temporary art exhibition. And a wonderful exhibition space it is too.

Coffee On Splanzia Square

Image of Agios Nikolaos church on Splantzia Square, Chania, Crete
Agios Nikolaos church on Splantzia Square

If you’re in town for a few days, be sure to add an evening at Splantzia to your Chania what to do list. The square, in the former Turkish part of the Old Town, is one of the best in Chania. At one ed, it’s overlooked by the towering church of Agios Nikolaos. Parts of it are shaded by trees, and most of the square is taken up in summer by tables and chairs from the different cafes and restaurants on the square. It is packed on summer evenings, full of locals and buzzing life.

Pork & Beef Wild

We chanced upon Pork & Beef Wild while on the hunt for a post-midnight meal after arriving very late at our Chania accommodation. They serve various grilled meats, and we opted for chicken and chips at nearly 2am. We weren’t hallucinating from tiredness – this was some of the best chicken we had ever eaten. We had to return the following evening to make sure we hadn’t dreamt it. Outstanding – one of the best takeaway restaurants in Chania.

Kastelli

Image of the Byzantine walls in Chania Crete
A section of the Byzantine walls in the Kastelli district of Chania

One of the great things about Chania is how the different layers of history have been preserved. It’s why it’s one of the best places to visit in Crete. The stretch of the Byzantine walls runs along Sifaka, a block to the south of the Venetian harbour. These date from a time (between the 9th and 12th centuries) when Constantinople and the Eastern Roman Empire still held sway over much of the eastern Mediterranean.

Ancient Kydonia

Seeing the remnants of the ancient Minoan civilisation is an essential part of many people’s what do to in Crete list. Most head for the Palace at Knossos, to the south of Heraklion, the capital of Crete.

Chania also has some Minoan remains. It started out as the Minoan city state of Kydonia, and you can see some of the excavations at a covered site on Agia Ekaterini square. Much of the incredible artefacts that were unearthed are now on display in the Archaeological Museum of Chania.

The Grand Arsenal

Image of the Grand Arsenal in Chania Crete Greece
The exterior of the Venetian Grand Arsenal

Several historic buildings along the Chania waterfront have been converted into temporary exhibition spaces. These include some of the old Venetian warehouses and the Grand Arsenal. The latter in particular is a brilliant venue, having found a beautiful new purpose after over 600 years.

NEA CHORA BEACH

Image of Nea Chora beach Chania Crete Greece
Nea Chora beach, just outside the ancient city walls of Chania

The main Chania town beach, Nea Chora, is a ten-minute walk west of the harbour. It’s a fine stretch of golden sand – much more than at Koum Kapi, on the other side of the Old Town – with plenty of cafes and bars close by. We visited just out of season, on a lovely autumn day – it’s a great place to hang out for a while.

OTHER BEACHES NEAR CHANIA

Image of Agioi Apostoli beach Chania Crete Greece
Agioi Apostoli beach, stunning out of season

There is a wonderful stretch of Chania beaches around a mile west of Chania harbour. Chryssi Akti – meaning Golden Sands – is the first, a gorgeous sweep of sand around to a forested headland.

It’s a short walk beyond there to the two Agioi Apostoli beaches, both of which are superb. The second one, to the west, is also known as Iguana Beach, and has a great cafe. There’s also a small church on the headland above the beach.

Beyond Iguana beach, the next 15 km of coastline is lined with a series of Chania resorts. Heading west from Iguana beach, there’s Gialos beach, then Stalos, Agia Marina, Platanias and Maleme.

CHANIA DAY TRIPS

Image of Gramvousa beach and castle Crete Greece
You’ve got a choice, and not a great deal of time: the castle, or the beach?

Chania is ideally placed for day trips to some of the best beaches in Crete. Some of these amazing Crete destinations are very remote, and the only way to see some of them is on one of the many Chania tours available. Here are a few of the more popular places to visit near Chania we write about many more in our day trips from Chania feature.

BALOS BEACH

Image of Balos Lagoon Crete Greece
Balos beach and lagoon, as far as you can get on a day tour from Rethymno

As soon as most people see pictures of it, they want to visit Balos Beach Crete. It is breathtakingly beautiful. It is also way overcrowded in the height of summer, when the many locals we met suggested we leave it until later in the season. Wherever you book your Balos Beach tour, you have to catch the same boat, the Kissamos to Balos ferry. You also have a short stopover at gorgeous Gramvousa beach thrown in. Our article on how to get to Balos Beach explains all in depth.

ELAFONISSI BEACH

Elafonisi Beach Image of the pink sand at Elafonissi beach Crete
The pink sands of Elafonissi: caption fatigue is slowly creeping in

Elafonissi is the famous Crete pink sand beach, is hidden away in the south-west corner of Crete. It’s actually a series of beaches, with a shallow lagoon on one side, the sea on the other and Elafonissi island, which has some smaller beaches that tend to be quieter. Elafonissi beach tours from Chania tend to run until around the middle of October, sometimes later. If you drive to Elafonissi from Chania, make a couple of hours to see Kedrodasos beach, a remote slice of paradise 2 km and a million miles from the sunbeds, umbrellas and beach bars of Elafonissi.

FALASSARNA BEACH

Image of the main beach at Falassarn Crete Greece
Beautiful clear water at the southern end of Falassarna beach

Falassarna is a series of stupendously beautiful beaches on the north-west coast of Crete, 15 km from the port of Kissamos. This is way off the beaten path Crete, with wild romantic mountainous scenery and an incredible variety of beaches. The main Falassarna beach is a wide curve of golden (and occasionally pink) sand, whereas some of the others are rockier – one near our Falassarna hotel had two great natural rock pools, ideal for our son to play in. It’s one of the best day trips from Chania, to one of the most beautiful beaches in Europe.

STAVROS BEACH

Image of Stavros beach near Chania Crete Greece
Stunning Stavros beach on the Akrotiri Peninsula

Much closer to Chania – just 12 km or 8 miles – Stavros beach is on the north side of the Akrotiri peninsula, to the north-east of Chania city. It’s a gorgeous sheltered bay with golden sands and an awesome mountain backdrop. Some of you may recognise it from scenes in the 1960s Zorba the Greek movie starring Anthony Quinn.

RETHYMNO

Image of the Venetian harbour of Rethymno at dusk
The gorgeous Venetian harbour of Rethymno at dusk

Rethymno was our home for a couple of months, and I loved the place. It’s the third largest city in Crete (after Heraklion and Chania) and there are more than enough things to do in Rethymno to warrant staying a while. If a day is all you have, don’t miss the main town beach, the Venetian Fortezza, or Castle, and the seductive side streets of the beautiful Old Town.

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