České Budějovice guide: History, culture, and beer

We knew České Budějovice was underrated, but found somewhere far more enchanting than we had imagined. Let's see what we found.....

Czech Republic Travel Guide- Ceske Budejovice Image of fountain and City Hall in main square Ceske Budejovice Czech Republic
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This is my guide to České Budějovice best known for its excellent beer, but it’s also one of the loveliest hidden gems in Central Europe.

České Budějovice is the largest city in South Bohemia, yet it has always managed to slip under the radar. We decided to stay there for a few days, using it as a base to explore the surrounding area, but got much more than we were expecting – one of the most underrated cities in Europe.

The city has always been rather overshadowed by nearby Český Krumlov, where time-poor travellers head, perhaps looking in on the famous Budvar brewery, but little else.

I had once done this myself, back in the early 1990s, so I got a wonderful surprise as I ventured out from our hotel.

České Budějovice is somewhere you could easily spend a day or more, exploring one of the loveliest squares in Europe and the porticoed medieval side streets and pockets of gorgeous old architecture.

It also has several excellent restaurants, and we ate better there than in Český Krumlov.

České Budějovice also makes a more convenient base for exploring the region, as nearly all bus and train routes pass through it.

We’d never suggest missing out on Český Krumlov, but if you’re heading that way, try to make at least a few hours in České Budějovice as well.

České Budějovice – An Introduction

Image of Samson Founain and main square in Ceske Budejovice Czech Republic
The Samson Fountain and Town Hall at night
Image of a medieval house front in Ceske Budejovice
Detail from a house in České Budějovice

The city was founded in 1265 by Bohemian King Přemysl Otakar II.

České Budějovice is the capital of the South Bohemia region of the Czech Republic.

Its German name is Budweis – and the adjective Budweiser, which will be familiar to many of you, means – of Budweis.

České Budějovice is perhaps best known for its beer, Budweiser Budvar, which is among the most famous and best Czech beers.

Image of old houses and streets of České Budějovice
The back streets of České Budějovice
Image of Hotel Budweis and river Masle České Budějovice
Hotel Budweis České Budějovice

Since 1848 it has been the base of the Koh-i-Noor Hardtmuth company which gave the world the first mass-produced pencil made from artificial graphite – this was invented by Josef Hardtmuth in Vienna in 1792.

The city features in one of the most famous Czech novels – The Good Soldier Svejk by Jaroslav Hasek. Svejk always somehow contrives to miss trains to České Budějovice, where he is supposed to meet with his regiment.

Things To Do In České Budějovice

Náměstí Přemysl Otakar II

Image of the Samson Fountain and Black tower in České Budějovice main square
The main square at night
Image of main square in Ceske Budejovice at night
Looking towards the Grandhotel Zvon

The best place to begin your České Budějovice visit is the main square, named after the 13th-century Bohemian king who founded the city in 1265.

It’s a splendid, grand square, surrounded by fine townhouses and arcades lined with shops and cafes, and some of the main České Budějovice landmarks. 

The best-known České Budějovice hotel,Grandhotel Zvon, dates back to 1533, and occupies several buildings on the east side of the square.

Image of the medieval arcade in Ceske Budejovice main square
The main square is surrounded by arcades

The iconic Samson Fountain dominates the centre of the Square, and it’s especially impressive at dusk as it and the surrounding buildings are lit up.

In November and December the square plays host to the České Budějovice Christmas Market, when an ice rink is laid out around the fountain.

České Budějovice Town Hall

Image of Ceske Budejovice town hall at night
Ceske Budejovice town hall at night

The Radnice – Town Hall – of České Budějovice is a fine Baroque building on the corner of the Square, dating from 1727 to 1730 when it was rebuilt by Italian architect Antonio Edhard Martinelli. The exterior is very striking, with its three spires, coats of arms and superb dragon gargoyles.

It’s also worth going on a guided tour of the interior, especially to see the ceiling frescoes in the opulent ceremonial hall.

The České Budějovice tourist information office is located on the ground floor of the building, and they also have a good selection of brochures and leaflets on the surrounding region.

St Nicholas Cathedral

Image of St Nicholas Cathedral Ceske Budejovice Czechia
St Nicholas Cathedral and the Black Tower
Image of Baroque chapel in Ceske Budejovice Czech Republic
The interior of the chapel next to the Cathedral

České Budějovice Cathedral, on the north-east corner of the main square, was initially built soon after city status was granted, but little of the original now survives.

What we see today is the 18th century Baroque reconstruction. Unfortunately it was closed the several days we were in town, but we did gain access to the small domed Baroque chapel pictured at the east end of the Cathedral which hints at what you might expect inside the Cathedral.

Cerna Věz – Black Tower

Image of the Samson Fountain and Black tower Ceske Budejovice Czech Republic
The Black Tower from the main square at night
Image of 1553 date inscription on doorway of Black tower Ceske Budejovice
The Black tower dates from 1553

The Black Tower is another prominent České Budějovice sight, rising 72 metres above the corner of the main square.

It’s the place to go for an overview of the square, the rooftops of the old town and the rest of the city, with a great view west over the South Bohemian countryside. It’s also the belltower of the Cathedral across the street.

Image of view from top of Black tower Ceske Budejovice
The view from the top
Image of The Black Tower and an old Townhouse in Ceske Budejovice
The Black Tower and a medieval townhouse

Getting up there is quite an adventure. My son and I are veterans of many a tower climb, and this had it all, with steep 16th century staircases to scramble up and down. The view from the top is outstanding.

Dominican Church and Monastery

Image of the Dominican Church and Monastery Ceske Budejovice
The Dominican Church and Monastery
Image of The Dominican church Ceske Budejovice at night
The same view at night

The Dominican Church of the Presentation of the Virgin Mary is one the most picturesque sights in České Budějovice, with the monastery complex backing onto the river Malse.

It’s more imposing from Piaristicke náměstí, its tall, clear Gothic windows dominating the square. Inside, the church is quite austere, save for the medieval wall paintings, the best of which is in the cloister.

The Dominicans remained in the monastery until 1785, after which the Piarists took over some of the buildings. After the Communists took over in the late 1940s, it was used as an Artistic School for children.

Streets and Arcades

Image of medieval house in Ceske Budejovice
A medieval house in Ceske Budejovice
Image of a walking tour in Ceske Budejovice
A České Budějovice walking tour

Along with the main square, this is the most impressive aspect of České Budějovice. Several of the streets to the north and west of the main square are delightful, with porticoes between the shops and the roads providing shelter.

There are also some beautifully preserved old houses, some with intricate sgraffito decoration, others with freshened -up facades turned into shops and galleries.

We loved the walk up Panska to the Rabenstejn tower, which houses one of these galleries.

Boat Trips Along The River

Image of the river Malse and Hotel Budweis in Ceske Budejovice
Looking along the Malse river
Image of boats for hire on the Malse river Ceske Budejovice
Boats for hire next to Cafe Vlnna

The historic core of České Budějovice is situated on what the people of Lyon in France call a presqu’ile, an ‘almost-island’ at the confluence of two rivers, the Malse and Vltava.

There is a gorgeous walk along the shore of Sokolovsky Island, looking across to the Dominican Church, and you can join short boat trips along the Malse, departing from Café Vlnna, or rent boats or paddleboards there.

Iron Maiden Tower and Museum

Image of The Iron Maiden Tower Ceske Budejovice
Iron Maiden Tower
Image of sign for King Premysl Oakar Museum Ceske Budejovice
The King Přemysl Otakar Museum is in the Iron Maiden tower

The riverside Iron Maiden tower is named after an instrument of torture purportedly used there, a cabinet full of iron spikes that would be closed on the victim, causing them to slowly bleed to death.

This medieval tower now houses a small museum dedicated to the founder of the city, King Přemysl Otakar II.

Piaristicke náměstí

Image of the Solnice restaurant Ceske Budejovice
Solnice Restaurant is housed in a medieval saltworks

This is a wonderful small square close to the river, with the striking Solnice Restaurant, built in a medieval saltworks, on one side and the imposing nave and chancel windows of the Church of the Sacrifice of the Virgin Mary on another.

There are also a couple of cafes (intermittently open when we visited) which would make a wonderful place to pause over a shot of fine coffee for a while.

Masné Krámy Restaurant

Image of Masne kramy restaurant Ceske Budejovice
Masny Krame, a basilica-style building dedicated to the finest Czech food

The pick of the České Budějovice restaurants is Masné Krámy, in a building used as far back as the 16th century to house the city’s butcher shops.

It’s one of the best places I’ve seen for an introduction to Czech food, with all the classics – svickova, gulas, roast duck with red cabbage – and many fresh takes on Central European cuisine.

Image of Hotel Maly Pivovar Ceske Budejovice
More fine food and beer here – Maly Pivovar

Masné Krámy restaurant opened in the 1950s, and is hugely popular – you normally need to reserve a table a day in advance.

Other Budvar restaurants worth seeking out around the city include Maly Pivovar and Budvarka.    

Budvar Brewery České Budějovice

Image of a Budvar sign in Ceske Budejovice
A Budweiser Budvar sign in České Budějovice

The famous České Budějovice beer, Budvar,is brewed a mile or so north of the city centre, and the Budweiser Budvar brewery tour is one of the most popular things to do in České Budějovice. 

The company has been in a legal wrangle with Anheuser Busch, the American brewing giant that also produces a brew called Budweiser, over the rights to use the Budweiser name in various territories around the globe.

Cutting an extremely long story short, the Czech brewery currently uses the Budweiser name in Europe, while the US brew is called Bud there. In the US, the American beer is called Budweiser, while the Czech beer is (somewhat absurdly) called Czechvar.

My take on the whole matter hasn’t changed since I visited the Budvar České Budějovice brewery in the early 1990s – the Czech beer is far and away the superior beer. 

South Bohemian Museum

Image of Museum of South Bohemia Ceske Budejovice
The grand setting of the Museum of South Bohemia

The Museum of South Bohemia is well worth an hour or two of your time if you want to delve deeper into the history of České Budějovice.

The permanent exhibition on the city is complemented by a series of temporary exhibitions, with current examples at the time of writing focusing on seasonal life in the region.

When I visited I was amazed to find a dedicated advice centre for mushroom pickers in the museum building.  I had never encountered anything like this before – they can usually tell you if the fungi you have picked is safe for consumption or otherwise.

Where Is České Budějovice

Image of child looking out over Ceske Budejovice from Black tower viewpoint
Looking over České Budějovice and the South Bohemian countryside
Image of the Malse riverfront in České Budějovice Czech Republic
It is located at the confluence of the Malse and Vltava rivers

České Budějovice is located in South Bohemia, in the south-west of the Czech Republic.

It is 125 km (77 miles) south of Prague, and 145 km if you drive there along the main motorway routes.

České Budějovice is also situated 25 km (18 miles) north-east of the beautiful medieval World Heritage town of Český Krumlov, which has tended to attract far more visitors than its larger neighbour since tourism opened up in the early 1990s.

Getting to České Budějovice

Image of restaurant and pension in Ceske Budejovice
A restaurant and pension in České Budějovice

It’s easy to get to České Budějovice, especially from Prague, with regular trains and buses making the 2 hours 15 minute journey south.

Whichever way you travel from Prague to České Budějovice, costs tend to be similar, around 6 euros per adult one way.

The Prague to České Budějovice train departs frequently from Prague main train station – Praha hlavni nádraží – during some periods as often as every 30 minutes. Check the Czech Railways website for current departure times using Praha hl.n. as your departure point.

The České Budějovice bus service from Prague is operated by RegioJet. these depart from Na Knížeci bus station in Smichov, on the west side of the Vltava River.

Services aren’t quite as frequent as the trains, but they still run almost hourly through the daytime. The final destination for these buses is usually Cesky Krumlov, the stop after České Budějovice.

Getting Around České Budějovice

The historic town centre, where most České Budějovice hotels are located, is over 1 km west of the railway and bus stations.

It’s around a 15-minute walk to the main square from there, otherwise the small red minibuses 21 and 22 run from outside the bus station to the main square, where they stop twice.

Trolleybuses cover other main routes around the town – the most useful for visitors are 2 and 8, which stop outside the Budvar brewery.

Where To Stay In České Budějovice

image of the exterior of grand-hotel-zvon
Grandhotel Zvon
image of bedroom in grandhotel-zvon
Our spacious room in Grandhotel Zvon

We recommend the 5-star Grandhotel Zvon, which overlooks the main square. We stayed for 5 nights in the October shoulder season, in a fantastic room with a great view over the square.

Check out my Grandhotel Zvon Review for more information.

Trips From České Budějovice

Image of Cesky Krumlov Castle at night
Český Krumlov Castle at night
Image of Široka Street in Cesky Krumlov
Siroka Street in Český Krumlov Old Town

We decided on a short break in České Budějovice to use it as a base to explore the South Bohemia region. It’s ideal for this, and as the regional transport hub, makes a better base than Český Krumlov if you’re looking to travel around the area using public transport.

The bottom line is that if you’re heading anywhere from Český Krumlov, you normally have to go back into České Budějovice and change there.

With the exception of Český Krumlov, most places in the region are a fair way off the beaten path. 

Take a look at the following section for places to visit near České Budějovice.

České Budějovice – Final Thoughts

Image of main square in Ceske Budejovice at night
Ceske Budejovice at night

České Budějovice was a wonderful surprise for us. I had briefly visited on a day trip from Prague thirty years before, and only saw the Budvar brewery and glimpsed the main square. I knew there was more to it than this, but just how much was a wonderful surprise.

It has a beautiful historic centre bursting with architectural gems, lovely riverside walks and some of the best beer and food in the Czech Republic.

We stayed there for five glorious sunny autumn days, using České Budějovice as a base to explore the region. I heartily recommend doing the same sometime. Check out my Grandhotel Zvon Review if you’re looking for somewhere to stay.

Beyond the city, I strongly suggest a visit to Český Krumlov. For an overview of the town, take a look at my guide to the best things to do in Český Krumlov, and the accompanying Český Krumlov Old Town photo guide.

Also check out my Museum Fotoatelier Seidel guide. This extraordinary Museum, in a photographer’s studio in Cesky Krumlov, takes you back to small-town Bohemia in the 1930s, and also into the analogue photographic world of glass plates and film.

We have visited Český Krumlov a few times. Take a look at my article on our most recent visit, to Český Krumlov in Winter. Český Krumlov is magical year-round, but my son and I were blown away by the beauty of Český Krumlov Old Town covered in snow.

České Budějovice is a short bus ride from Hluboka Castle, a fairytale white wedding-cake-style Castle that’s one of the most famous in the Czech Republic.

Image of houses in Holašovice village in Czech Republic
Holašovice’s main street

Also don’t miss Holašovice, an amazing village mainly built in the 18th century. It’s the only one of its kind to have survived intact, 23 farmsteads around a central green. It’s a rare example of the ‘folk Baroque’ style, and is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Further afield, check out my guide to Blatna Castle, a stunning water castle with a beautiful Deer Park just across the lake.

And next to the Austrian border, and the former Iron Curtain, take a look at my guide to the the breathtaking Renaissance houses of Slavonice. Many houses in this sleepy border town are decorated with stunning detailed sgraffito style. It’s the best collection of such houses anywhere in Europe, and blissfully way off the beaten path.

Explore these other beautiful towns in the Czech Republic:


Image of David Angel found of Delve into Europe Travel Blog / Website

David Angel is a Welsh historian, photographer and writer. He is a European travel expert with over 30 years’ experience exploring Europe.

He has a degree in History from Manchester University, and his work is regularly featured in global media including the BBC, Condé Nast Traveler, The Guardian, The Times, and The Sunday Times. 

David is fluent in French and Welsh, and can also converse in Italian, German, Portuguese, Spanish, Czech and Polish.

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